Browsing articles tagged with " frozen shoulder"

67. Dr. Jun Xu’s calling from West Africa

Mar 5, 2017   //   by drxuacupuncture   //   Blog, Case Discussions, Uncategorized  //  No Comments

Dr. Jun Xu went to Leprosy village in 2013, 2014 and 2016, soon he will go to the leprosy village on March 31, 2017.

In 2013, there was no a single room being used for treatment in the leprosy village, Dr. Xu and his team had to use a tent. The temperature was around 125 Fahrenheit degrees.

The leprosy patients were waiting for their turn to be attended. Dr. Jun Xu saw about 200 patients a day.

Typical leprosy patient:
Early Stages
Spots of hypopigmented skin- discolored spots which develop on the skin
Anaesthesia(loss of sensation) in hypthese opigmented spots can occur as well as hair loss
“Skin lesions that do not heal within several weeks of and injury are a typical sign of leprosy.” (Sehgal 24)

Progression of disease

“Enlarged peripheral nerves, usually near joints, such as the wrist, elbow and knees.”(Sehgal 24)
Nerves in the body can be affected causing numbess and muscle paralysis
Claw hand- the curling of the fingers and thumb caused by muscle paralysis
Blinking reflex lost due to leprosy’s affect on one’s facial nerves; loss of blinking reflex can eventually lead to dryness, ulceration, and blindness
“Bacilli entering the mucous lining of the nose can lead to internal damage and scarring that, in time, causes the nose to collapse.”(Sehgal 27)
“Muscles get weaker, resulting in signs such as foot drop (the toe drags when the foot is lifted to take a step)”(Sehgal 27)

Long-term Effects
“If left untreated, leprosy can cause deformity, crippling, and blindness. Because the bacteria attack nerve ending, the terminal body parts (hands and feet) lose all sensations and cannot feel heat, touch, or pain, and can be easily injured…. Left unattended, these wounds can then get further infected and cause tissue damage.” (Sehgal 27)
As a result to the tissue damage, “fingers and toes can become shortened, as the cartilage is absorbed into the body…Contrary to popular belief, the disease does not cause body parts to ‘fall off’.” (Sehgal 27)

Every year, Dr. Jun Xu and his team bring around $300,000 worth of medicine donated from his team members and Americares in Stamford, CT to treat the leprosy and other patients in Senegal and Guinea Bissau. http://www.americares.org/, in 2017, his team also received medicine donation from Direct Relief in California, https://www.directrelief.org/.
Dr. Jun Xu and his team finally established a clinic in the leprosy village, one building for the clinic, and another building for the living of doctors and nurses.

Leprosy village people were celebrating the opening of the clinic.

There are 8 wards, which could hospitalize the patients if it is medically necessary.

Dr. Jun Xu’s team usually stay in Senegal for 10 to 14 days, these are the foods his team brought from US in order to keep them health and safe. They do not dare to eat street food.

The above are the coolants contained food Dr. Jun Xu’s team brought from US

Dr. Jun Xu and his team from US in 2006.
If you are interested in joining Dr. Jun Xu’s team or donating to his work in Senegal, please address your check payable to AGWV, and send to
Jun Xu, MD, 1171 E Putnam Avenue, Riverside, CT 06878, USA.
Dr. Xu promises that all your donation 100% will go to Senegal and his team will nerve use a penny from your donation. You will receive the tax deductible receipt. Any amount is a great help for Africa patients.
For more info, please visit our websites at
http://www.drxuacupuncture.co/ and http://www.africacriesout.org/

59. Frozen Shoulder and Acupuncture Treatment

Oct 23, 2014   //   by drxuacupuncture   //   Blog, Case Discussions, Uncategorized  //  No Comments

News Letter, October, 2014, © Copyright

 

Jun Xu, M.D. Lic. Acup., Hong Su, C.M.D., Lic. Acup.

James Olayos, DPT, CSCS

www.rmac.yourmd.com; www.drxuacupuncture.co

Rehabilitation Medicine and Acupuncture Center

1171 East Putnam Avenue, Building 1, 2nd Floor

Greenwich, CT 06878

Tel: (203) 637-7720

 

Frozen Shoulder and Acupuncture Treatment

 From: www.1thing.info/50kata/gojukata1.gif   

 

Martha T. is a 50-year-old woman with a long history of diabetes.  Approximately two months before consulting me, she felt a slight pain in her right shoulder when she tried to lift a heavy object.  Though the pain was not severe for the first few weeks, she gradually noticed a decrease in the mobility and function of that shoulder, coupled with more severe pain.  After the incident, she had trouble lifting her arms for tasks such as combing her hair and dressing with ease, especially when putting clothes on her right arm or fastening her brassiere.  Hoping the pain would go away, she did not consult a doctor.

When the pain became too severe, she came to me.  By physical examination, I noted that there was moderate tenderness at the right frontal and posterior shoulder.  Through palpation, I noted tenderness in her upper arm and lateral elbow.  She had difficulty raising her right shoulder up to her head and with movements that crossed the body’s middle line.  The pain was constant and she was unable to sleep on the right side of her body. Her right arm was weak due to the pain. There was no numbness or a tingling sensation.

 

Martha suffers from a “frozen shoulder,” or, in medical terminology, adhesive capsulitis.

Fig. 1

 

 

This usually occurs after the age of 40, and about 20% of patients who suffer from this disorder have a history of diabetes and most of them have also been involved in some form of accident.  When these patients begin to feel shoulder pain, they try to compensate by limiting the normal range of motion in the injured shoulder.  Unfortunately, this makes some normal tasks such as brushing the hair, dressing, reaching for objects above the head, etc., more difficult.  By this stage, the patient usually realizes it is necessary to seek medical treatment for the condition.

Frozen shoulder is usually exhibited in three stages:

  1. Painful stage: A gradual onset associated with a vague pain. Unknown specific date of onset.  Lasts roughly 8 months.
  2. Frozen stage: The pain may begin to diminish during this stage. However, the shoulder becomes stiffer and the range of motion decreases noticeably, which causes the patient to avoid extreme movements that exacerbate the pain during this phase.  Usually lasts from six weeks to nine months.
  3. Thawing stage: The shoulder movement gradually returns to normal and the pain lessens.  Lasts from five months to two years.

 

Though the causes of frozen shoulder are still unclear, these are some noted possibilities:

  1. Injury resulting from surgery or any traumatic accident.  Most patients have a history of an injury that causes pain and causes the patient to decrease his/her range of movements.
  2. Diabetic patients have a tendency to have frozen shoulder. In those patients who are diabetic (about 20%), this condition worsens the symptoms.
  3. Autoimmune, inflammatory, and any procedures that immobilize the shoulder will increase the chances of frozen shoulder.

 

Western medicine treatments:

  1. Anti-inflammatory medications: The use of anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, etc. However, these oral medications are not a very effective treatment.
  2. Corticosteroid injection: Using a corticosteroid (i.e. 40 mg of Kenalog and 5 cc of 1% lidocaine injected directly into the shoulder bursa) will greatly decrease the intensity of the pain. However, there are some side effects of corticosteroid injections such as blood sugar elevation, fragile shoulder tendons, osteoporosis, etc. I usually do not recommend using corticosteroid injections unless it is absolutely necessary (i.e. when there is severe pain, largely decreased range of motion, and handicapped daily activities).
  3. Physical therapy: Using heating pads, stretching, performing wheel range of motion exercises, muscle strengthening, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, electrophoresis, etc.  The dual treatment of corticosteroid injection and physical therapy can be very effective.

 

In some cases, surgery may be necessary.  There are two common types of surgery used to treat frozen shoulder:

  1. Manipulation under general anesthesia: forces the shoulder to move.  This process can unfortunately cause the capsule to stretch or tear.
  2. Shoulder arthroscopy: The doctor makes several small incisions around the shoulder capsule.  A minute camera and instrument are inserted through the incision and the instrument is used to cut through the tight portion of the joint capsule.  Often, manipulation and arthroscopic surgeries are used together and many patients have good results form this type surgery.

Physical Therapy Treatment for Frozen Shoulder:

 

Physical Therapy treatment generally begins in the first stage of the “frozen shoulder” progression. Upon initial PT evaluation of the effected shoulder, the therapist will begin with gentle passive and active range of motion activities within the patient’s pain tolerance. The primary goal in stages 1 and 2 of the frozen shoulder progression is to reduce pain and begin to regain normal joint motion. Passive stretching of the shoulder in all planes and manual joint mobilization techniques are indicated. Pain relieving modalities such as heat, electric stimulation, and short-wave diathermy can be used when it is at the therapist’s disposal. In addition, basic postural re-education exercises such as scapular retraction and pectoral stretching should be introduced.

Fig. 2

 

Fig. 3

 

 

Fig. 4

 

 

As the patient progresses from the “freezing” stage of the condition, more aggressive joint mobilization and stretching techniques are introduced to regain full motion of the shoulder joint. This stage can be painful at times, but it is necessary for long term results and return of normal function. Therapeutic exercises (shoulder elevation, rotation, scapular retraction against resistance, etc.) are progressed to allow for shoulder stabilization within the new ranges of motion achieved with stretching and joint mobilization.

During the final stage of the frozen shoulder progression, the therapist will introduce functional activities to ensure that the effected shoulder is prepared for daily tasks. Pain level should be decreased at this point in treatment.

 

 

Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment:

 

The following points were selected:

 

LI 15 Jian Yu, SI 9 Jian Zhen, SJ 14 Jian Liao, SI 10 Nao Shu, SI 11 Tian Zhong, LI 16 Ju Gu, St 38 Tiao Kou penetrating to UB 57 Cheng Shan, SJ 5 Wai Guan and LI 4 He Gu, LI 11 Qu Chi.

 

Table 1

Points Meridian/No. Location Function/Indication
1 Jian Qian Extrapoints 23 Midway between the end of the anterior axillary fold and LI 15, Jian Yu Pain in the shoulder and arm, paralysis of the upper extremities
2 Jian Yu LI 15 See table 5-1/Pic 5-1 See table 5-1
3 Jian Zhen SI 9 Posterior and inferior to the shoulder joint. When the arm is adducted, the point is 1 inch above the posterior end of the axillary fold Pain in the scapular region, motor impairment of the hand and arm
4 Jian Liao SJ 14 Posterior and inferior to the acromion, in the depression about 1 inch posterior to LI 15 Jian Yu, when the arm is abducted. Pain and motor impairment of the shoulder and upper arm
5 Nao Shu SI 10 When the arm is adducted, the point is directly above SI 9 Jian Zhen, in the depression inferior to the scapular spine Swelling of the shoulder, aching and weakness of the shoulder and arm
6 Tian Zhong SI 11 See table 5-1/Pic 5-2 See table 5-1
7 Ju Gu LI 16 In the upper aspect of the shoulder, in the depression between the acromial extremity of the clavicle and the scapular spine Pain and motor impairment of the upper extremities, pain in the shoulder and back
8 Tiao Kou St 38 2 inches below St 37 Shang Ju Xu, midway between St 35 Du Bi and St 41 Jie Xi. Numbness, soreness and pain of the knee and leg, weakness and motor impairment of the foot, pain and motor impairment of the shoulder, abdominal pain
9 Cheng Shan UB 57 Directly below the belly of m. gastrocnemius, on the line joining UB 40 Wei Zhong and tendo calcaneus. About 8 inches below UB 40. Low back pain, spasm of the gastrocnemius, hemorrhoids, constipation, beriberi
10 Wai Guan SJ 5 See table 5-1/Pic 5-3 See table 5-1
11 He Gu LI 4 See table 3-1/Pic 3-4 See table 3-1
12 Qu Chi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig. 5

 

 

Fig. 6

 

 

Fig. 7

 

 

Fig. 8

 

 

 

To treat Martha, I applied the heating pad to her right shoulder for approximately 20 minutes.  This increased the flexibility of the tendon underneath. Then, I inserted the needles into the above acupuncture points. After 30 minutes of acupuncture treatment, I gave her a deep massage, and she was told to raise her shoulder and perform other range of motion exercises. The patient underwent my treatment for a total of 10 visits.  Afterwards, she reported that her right shoulder pain and range of motion had improved greatly.

 

 

Tips for acupuncturists:

  1. Instruct the patient to sit down and relax.  First, insert the needle into the Qu Chi tips toward to the shoulder about 1.5 inches deep, causing the energy to transmit up to the shoulder.  Then insert the needles into the points of Jian Yu, Jian Zhen, Jian Liao, and Tian Zhong. Insert the needle into Tiao Kou so that it penetrates to Cheng Shan.  During the treatment, scratch the handles of needles, and make sure the patient feels this energy sensation from the needle tips spreading to the shoulder.
  2. Tell the patient to slowly raise his/her arm up to the head, and move the arm around. Usually, the patient will feel instant relief from the pain.

Tips for patients:

  1. Do range of motion exercises for 20 minutes every morning taking a hot bath or shower. The hot water increases the blood circulation and energy flow and will allow for the best range of motion and the least pain when doing these exercises.
  2. Purchase a heating pad and apply it to the shoulder for 20 minutes. Do the range of motion exercises again.
  3. The main goal is to increase the range of motion of the shoulder.  The second goal is to decrease the pain in the shoulder.
  4. Try to get an acupuncture treatment as soon as possible; do not wait.  Without treatment, it may take a few years for natural recovery, and in some cases range of motion will never fully return.

38. Acupuncture and Shoulder Arthritis

Feb 21, 2012   //   by drxuacupuncture   //   Blog, Case Discussions, Uncategorized  //  No Comments

News Letter, Vol. 4 (2), Februrary  , 2012, © Copyright

 

Jun Xu, M.D. Lic. Acup., Hong Su, C.M.D., Lic. Acup.

Robert Blizzard III, DPT

www.drxuacupuncture.co

Rehabilitation Medicine and Acupuncture Center

1171 East Putnam Avenue, Building 1, 2nd Floor

Greenwich, CT 06878

Tel: (203) 637-7720

Fax: (203)637-2693

 

Shoulder Arthritis

www.drdavidduckworth.com.au

 

Brittany, a sixty-five-year-old woman, experienced on-and-off pain in her shoulder for two or three years, especially upon awakening. The pain was located on the front, sometimes the top, of her shoulder, which made everyday tasks, such as reaching for a high shelf or combing her hair, difficult for her. It also caused swelling of her right shoulder, which became worse when the weather changed, so much so that she told her friends she was a human weathervane. Recently, she began to feel a clicking or grinding sound in the shoulder, and it became increasingly difficult to fall or stay asleep due the pain, which has been increasing for several years.

Brittany was a basketball player in college and sometimes when she shot the ball she felt some pain, but it went away after a day or two. She began taking Tylenol and Advil, which gave some relief, but because she was so occupied with her own business, and because she always assumed the pain would eventually go away, she never made the time to go to a doctor before she came to me.

In my physical exam, I found the deltoid muscle of her right shoulder was atrophied. The right shoulder front, top, and back of the shoulder blade were all tender. When I performed a range of motion test, the flexing in the right shoulder was about 0–120 degrees and her extension was about 0–115 degrees, with pain in the 0–70 degree extension. The grinding, cracking noise that accompanied this extension made the pain in this shoulder feel worse, but I found no signs of arthritis in other joints, including the left shoulder, which was perfectly normal.

 

Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis

There are two main shoulder joints

The glenohumeral joint, which is also called the bone-circuit joint. Here, the typical pain is on the top and back of the shoulder and it sometimes involves pain in the shoulder blade, the scapula, and restricted range of motion.

The acromioclavicular joint. Arthritis can develop where the collarbone meets the shoulder blade (scapula), at the bony prominence on the top of the shoulder blade known as the acromion. The pain is at the top of the shoulder and increases when, for example, the arm is crossed in front of the body to touch the other shoulder, or the arm is raised to comb the hair or take something from a high shelf.

Figure 2.1

 

There are three principal types of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis, inflammation of the joints, is caused by wear and tear.

Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease that is usually a symmetrical inflammation of the joints, especially the shoulder, knee, and other small joints.

Posttraumatic arthritis, which results from injury.

 

Treatments for Shoulder Arthritis in Western Medicine

Noninvasive Treatments

The first methods to try are the nonsurgical treatments.

Rest

Rest and changing physical activities. The person should avoid any activity that provokes pain.

Compresses

Using hot and cold compresses can be very helpful.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy and massages. Below are a few exercises that will help strengthen the rotator cuff to allow more fluid motion. Three sets of 10 each should be performed 3 times a week.

 

Figure 2.2

 

 

Figure 2.3

 

 

Surgery

If non-surgical treatments do not work, then surgery would be necessary.

Resection arthroplasty is the most common surgical procedure for arthritis of the acromioclavicular joint. Its purpose is to restore the flexible connection between the acromion and the collarbone. A small piece of bone from the end of the collarbone is removed, leaving a space that later fills in with scar tissue.

Total shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral joint arthritis. In this procedure, a surgeon replaces the entire shoulder joint with a prothesis.

Hemiarthroplasty, also for glenohumeral joint arthritis. In this procedure, the surgeon replaces the head of the upper arm bone. One joint surface is replaced with an artificial material, usually metal.

I suggest to most of my patients that they try the nonsurgical treatments first. However, if the pain is intolerable and severely restricts sleep, a surgical treatment might be the better of the two options.

 

Treatments for Shoulder Arthritis in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Acupuncture

When performed appropriately, acupuncture can help with these two types of osteoarthritis.

For glenohumeral osteoarthritis, I use Jian Yu, Jian Liao, Jian Zhen, Quchi He Gu, and also Tian Zhong and Jian Qian. All needles need to be inserted to about 1.5 inches with electrical stimulation for about 30 minutes. The patient must be in a seated position and the electrical stimulation should be as high as can be tolerated.

For acromioclavicular osteoarthritis, it is essential to locate the exact point of tenderness in the front of the shoulder and the AC joint and insert the needle into that AC joint, then the remaining points as in the preceding paragraph. This principle of treatment is called “acupuncture points selection based on the pain location,” aka the specific anatomical location following the pain points.

Table 2.1

Points Meridian/No. Location
1 Jian Qian Extrapoints 23 See Fig 2.4
2 Jian Yu LI 15 See Fig 2.4
3 Jian Zhen SI 9 See Fig 2.4
4 Jian Liao SJ 14 See Fig 2.5
5 Tian Zhong SI 11  See Fig 2.5
5 Qu Chi LI 11 See Fig 2.4
7 Wai Guan SJ 5 See Fig 2.4
8 He Gu LI 4 See Fig 2.4

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 2.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brittany’s Treatment

Brittany had an X-ray which showed that the cartilage of her right shoulder was wearing out. On the glenohumeral joint there was a loss of joint space and bone spurs were present. She was also given a blood test to rule out rheumatoid arthritis, and it came back negative.

Brittany was advised to avoid lifting anything heavy, to stop using weights, or doing any other upper-extremity exercises, including basketball, if she still played that sport.

If her shoulder was swollen, Brittany was advised to use a cold pad for 15–20 minutes 3 times a day; conversely, if there was no swelling, then she was advised to use a heating pad in the same manner. Acupuncture, physical therapy, and massage were to be tried before any surgery was performed.

Brittany received treatment 3 times a week for 6–8 weeks and her shoulder pain was much relieved. However, I had to advise her that acupuncture cannot change the lost cartilage or remove the clicking, snapping sound. It could decrease the pain, making it improved enough that she would be able to get a good night’s sleep and could prolong the need for surgery. Brittany reported that this was indeed the case after the treatments. For now, her pain has sufficiently diminshed to allow her to go on living her life without having to resort to surgery. [Ed.Supplied an upbeat update that was needed here.].

 

Tips for People with Shoulder Osteoarthritis

  • If your shoulder is a normal temperature, always put a heating pad on it twice a day for 30 minutes each time. If it is hot, place a cold pad there for the same amount of time.
  • After the hot or cold pad, spend 30 minutes a day doing range-of-motion exercises for the shoulder. These will greatly improve your shoulder mobility and decrease the pain.

 

 

17. Acupuncture and Frozen Shoulder-Shoulder Pain 1

May 26, 2010   //   by drxuacupuncture   //   Blog, Case Discussions, Uncategorized  //  No Comments

News Letter, Vol. 2 (5), May, 2010, © Copyright

Jun Xu, M.D. Lic. Acup., Hong Su, C.M.D., Lic. Acup.

www.rmac.yourmd.com; www.drxuacupuncture.co

Rehabilitation Medicine and Acupuncture Center

1171 East Putnam Avenue, Building 1, 2nd Floor

Greenwich, CT 06878

Tel: (203) 637-7720

Frozen Shoulder-Shoulder Pain 1



 

The above photo is coming from: www.1thing.info/50kata/gojukata1.gif

Martha T. is a 50-year-old woman with a long history of diabetes.  Approximately two months before consulting me, she felt a slight pain in her right shoulder when she tried to lift a heavy object.  Though the pain was not severe for the first few weeks, she gradually noticed a decrease in the mobility and function of that shoulder, coupled with more severe pain.  After the incident, she had trouble lifting her arms for tasks such as combing her hair and dressing with ease, especially when putting clothes on her right arm or fastening her brassiere.  Hoping the pain would go away, she did not consult a doctor.

When the pain became too severe, she came to me.  By physical examination, I noted that there was moderate tenderness at the right frontal and posterior shoulder.  Through palpation, I noted tenderness in her upper arm and lateral elbow.  She had difficulty raising her right shoulder up to her head and with movements that crossed the body’s middle line.  The pain was constant and she was unable to sleep on the right side of her body. Her right arm was weak due to the pain. There was no numbness or a tingling sensation.

Martha suffers from a “frozen shoulder,” or, in medical terminology, adhesive capsulitis.  This usually occurs after the age of 40, and about 20% of patients who suffer from this disorder have a history of diabetes and most of them have also been involved in some form of accident.  When these patients begin to feel shoulder pain, they try to compensate by limiting the normal range of motion in the injured shoulder.  Unfortunately, this makes some normal tasks such as brushing the hair, dressing, reaching for objects above the head, etc., more difficult.  By this stage, the patient usually realizes it is necessary to seek medical treatment for the condition.

Frozen shoulder is usually exhibited in three stages:

  1. Painful stage: A gradual onset associated with a vague pain. Unknown specific date of onset.  Lasts roughly 8 months.
  2. Frozen stage: The pain may begin to diminish during this stage. However, the shoulder becomes stiffer and the range of motion decreases noticeably, which causes the patient to avoid extreme movements that exacerbate the pain during this phase.  Usually lasts from six weeks to nine months.
  3. Thawing stage: The shoulder movement gradually returns to normal and the pain lessens.  Lasts from five months to two years.

Though the causes of frozen shoulder are still unclear, these are some noted possibilities:

  1. Injury resulting from surgery or any traumatic accident.  Most patients have a history of an injury that causes pain and causes the patient to decrease his/her range of movements.
  2. Diabetic patients have a tendency to have frozen shoulder. In those patients who are diabetic (about 20%), this condition worsens the symptoms.
  3. Autoimmune, inflammatory, and any procedures that immobilize the shoulder will increase the chances of frozen shoulder.

Western medicine treatments:

  1. Anti-inflammatory medications: The use of anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, etc. However, these oral medications are not a very effective treatment.
  2. Corticosteroid injection: Using a corticosteroid (i.e. 40 mg of Kenalog and 5 cc of 1% lidocaine injected directly into the shoulder bursa) will greatly decrease the intensity of the pain. However, there are some side effects of corticosteroid injections such as blood sugar elevation, fragile shoulder tendons, osteoporosis, etc. I usually do not recommend using corticosteroid injections unless it is absolutely necessary (i.e. when there is severe pain, largely decreased range of motion, and handicapped daily activities).
  3. Physical therapy: Using heating pads, stretching, performing wheel range of motion exercises, muscle strengthening, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, electrophoresis, etc.  The dual treatment of corticosteroid injection and physical therapy can be very effective.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary.  There are two common types of surgery used to treat frozen shoulder:

  1. Manipulation under general anesthesia: forces the shoulder to move.  This process can unfortunately cause the capsule to stretch or tear.
  2. Shoulder arthroscopy: The doctor makes several small incisions around the shoulder capsule.  A minute camera and instrument are inserted through the incision and the instrument is used to cut through the tight portion of the joint capsule.  Often, manipulation and arthroscopic surgeries are used together and many patients have good results form this type surgery.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment:

 

The following points were selected:

LI 15 Jian Yu, SI 9 Jian Zhen, SJ 14 Jian Liao, SI 10 Nao Shu, SI 11 Tian Zhong, LI 16 Ju Gu, St 38 Tiao Kou penetrating to UB 57 Cheng Shan, SJ 5 Wai Guan and LI 4 He Gu, LI 11 Qu Chi.

Table 7-1

Points Meridian/No. Location Function/Indication
1 Jian Qian Extrapoints 23

Midway between the end of the anterior axillary fold and LI 15, Jian Yu

Pain in the shoulder and arm, paralysis of the upper extremities
2 Jian Yu LI 15 See table 5-1/Pic 5-1 See table 5-1
3 Jian Zhen SI 9 Posterior and inferior to the shoulder joint. When the arm is adducted, the point is 1 inch above the posterior end of the axillary fold Pain in the scapular region, motor impairment of the hand and arm
4 Jian Liao SJ 14 Posterior and inferior to the acromion, in the depression about 1 inch posterior to LI 15 Jian Yu, when the arm is abducted. Pain and motor impairment of the shoulder and upper arm
5 Nao Shu SI 10 When the arm is adducted, the point is directly above SI 9 Jian Zhen, in the depression inferior to the scapular spine Swelling of the shoulder, aching and weakness of the shoulder and arm
6 Tian Zhong SI 11 See table 5-1/Pic 5-2 See table 5-1
7 Ju Gu LI 16 In the upper aspect of the shoulder, in the depression between the acromial extremity of the clavicle and the scapular spine Pain and motor impairment of the upper extremities, pain in the shoulder and back
8 Tiao Kou St 38 2 inches below St 37 Shang Ju Xu, midway between St 35 Du Bi and St 41 Jie Xi. Numbness, soreness and pain of the knee and leg, weakness and motor impairment of the foot, pain and motor impairment of the shoulder, abdominal pain
9 Cheng Shan UB 57 Directly below the belly of m. gastrocnemius, on the line joining UB 40 Wei Zhong and tendo calcaneus. About 8 inches below UB 40. Low back pain, spasm of the gastrocnemius, hemorrhoids, constipation, beriberi
10 Wai Guan SJ 5 See table 5-1/Pic 5-3 See table 5-1
11 He Gu LI 4 See table 3-1/Pic 3-4 See table 3-1
12 Qu Chi LI 11 See table 4-1/Pic 4-2 See table 4-1

Pic 7-1

Pic 7-2

Pic 7-3

Pic 7-4

To treat Martha, I applied the heating pad to her right shoulder for approximately 20 minutes.  This increased the flexibility of the tendon underneath. Then, I inserted the needles into the above acupuncture points. After 30 minutes of acupuncture treatment, I gave her a deep massage, and she was told to raise her shoulder and perform other range of motion exercises. The patient underwent my treatment for a total of 10 visits.  Afterwards, she reported that her right shoulder pain and range of motion had improved greatly.

Tips for acupuncturists:

  1. Instruct the patient to sit down and relax.  First, insert the needle into the Qu Chi tips toward to the shoulder about 1.5 inches deep, causing the energy to transmit up to the shoulder.  Then insert the needles into the points of Jian Yu, Jian Zhen, Jian Liao, and Tian Zhong. Insert the needle into Tiao Kou so that it penetrates to Cheng Shan.  During the treatment, scratch the handles of needles, and make sure the patient feels this energy sensation from the needle tips spreading to the shoulder.
  2. Tell the patient to slowly raise his/her arm up to the head, and move the arm around. Usually, the patient will feel instant relief from the pain.

Tips for patients:

  1. Do range of motion exercises for 20 minutes every morning taking a hot bath or shower. The hot water increases the blood circulation and energy flow and will allow for the best range of motion and the least pain when doing these exercises.
  2. Purchase a heating pad and apply it to the shoulder for 20 minutes. Do the range of motion exercises again.
  3. The main goal is to increase the range of motion of the shoulder.  The second goal is to decrease the pain in the shoulder.
  4. Try to get an acupuncture treatment as soon as possible; do not wait.  Without treatment, it may take a few years for natural recovery, and in some cases range of motion will never fully return.

Case Discussions